New generation antibacterial agents (antibiotics) are substances of biological or semi – synthetic origin. They are used in medical practice to combat pathogenic microbes and viruses. Before the appearance of these medicines, the status of incurable diseases was in typhoid fever, dysentery, pneumonia, and tuberculosis. Today, the treatment of infectious diseases is possible with the use of 1-6 generations of antibiotics.
At this point, the pharmaceutical industry produces more than 2000 varieties of medicines of this type. Doctors have described the effect of about 600 positions, and in medical practice, about 120-160 drugs are used.
Important! For any disease, it is recommended to take antibiotics after consulting a doctor. Otherwise, antibiotic resistance may develop (a decrease in the sensitivity of pathogenic microorganisms to antibacterial agents).
New generation antibacterial agents – Classification
The difference between the latest generations of antibiotics and their earlier versions is in a more advanced formula of the active substance. The active components eliminate only the pathological reactions in the cell point-by-point. For example, new-generation intestinal antibiotics do not disrupt the gastrointestinal microflora. At the same time, they fight against a whole “army” of infectious agents.
The latest antibacterial drugs are divided into five groups:
- Tetracycline – tetracycline.
- Aminoglycosides – streptomycin.
- Penicillin series – amoxicillin and others.
- Amphenicols – chloramphenicol.
- Carbapenem group – meropenem, imipenem, invaz.
Consider a few well-known antimicrobial agents.
Amoxicillin is an antimicrobial drug from the penicillin group. It is used in medical practice for the treatment of bacterial infection. It is effective for intestinal infections, sinusitis, angina, Lyme disease, dysentery, sepsis.
Avelox is a last-generation drug from the group of fluoroquinolones. It is characterized by a strong effect on bacterial and atypical pathogens. It does not harm the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract. It is used for acute, chronic diseases.
Cephalosporins are third-generation antibiotics. This group includes Ceftibutene, Ceftriaxone, and others. They are used for the treatment of pyelonephritis, pneumonia. In general, these are safe remedies with a small number of side effects. However, they should be taken only after consultation with a doctor. There are a lot of medicines, and a specialist will recommend which one to choose.
Doriprex is an antimicrobial drug of synthetic origin. It has shown good results in the treatment of pneumonia, advanced intraabdominal infections, and pyelonephritis.
Invaz is an antibacterial agent from the group of carbapenems. Available in ampoules for parenteral use. It shows a rapid effect in the treatment of bacterial disorders of the skin, soft tissues, urinary tract infections, pneumonia, septicemia.
Augmetin is a third-generation semi-synthetic penicillin with the addition of reinforcing inhibitors. Pediatricians recognize it as the best comprehensive medical product for the treatment of children’s sinusitis, bronchitis, tonsillitis and other respiratory tract infections.
Cefamandol is an antibacterial agent that is produced in Russia. It belongs to the group of third-generation cephalosporins. It is used for the treatment of intestinal infections, pathogens of genital infections. As an antimicrobial agent of a wide range of effects, it is used for colds.
It is important to understand that antimicrobial drugs for extensive use have toxicity, so they negatively affect the microflora. In addition, the bacteria mutate, which means that the drugs lose their effectiveness. Therefore, antibacterial agents with the latest structure will be in priority than their early counterparts.
Self-medication with antibiotics is dangerous for your health. In case of an infectious disease, the first thing you need to see a doctor. The specialist will determine the cause of the disease and prescribe effective antibacterial agents. Self-medication “at random” leads to the development of antibiotic resistance.