Antibiotics for coronavirus
Coronavirus is an acute viral disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets. The infection was detected recently, but has already managed to adapt to the human environment and began to spread actively between people. According to research by scientists, the danger of the virus is that it quickly develops pneumonia.
- Principle of treatment
- How to choose an antibiotic
- Reception of preparations
- Types of antibiotics
Principle of treatment
A person becomes infected with a viral infection through the mucous membranes of the eyes and nasopharynx. The incubation period lasts about a week. At this time, symptoms may occur in the form of aches and pains. During the acute phase, the temperature rises, headaches, cough, runny nose, chills, nausea appear. The severe phase of the disease causes severe shortness of breath, abdominal and chest pain. To avoid serious complications, it is important to choose the right treatment quickly and correctly.
Currently, there is no vaccine for coronavirus. The course of treatment is based on the use of antiviral medications and antibiotics. The patient is prescribed a strong drug. The antiviral substance will not be able to cope with the virus on its own, so additional painkillers, antipyretics and sorbing medications are taken.
Antibiotics are prescribed for a complicated form of the disease, when the conditionally pathogenic microflora multiplies.
How to choose an antibiotic
In acute viral disease, the doctor prescribes an antibiotic, referring to the results of laboratory tests. For the correct selection of the drug, you need to:
- determine the property and type of infectious agent;
- choose a course of treatment and calculate the dose of the drug;
- choose a set of medications for microorganisms that are difficult to treat;
- when the pathogen is not detected, it is necessary to use a broad-acting antibiotic, after bacteriological tests, use a drug with a narrow spectrum of influence.
To exclude negative side effects, when prescribing medication, the patient’s age, General condition, and pronounced symptoms are taken into account.
Reception of preparations
Not everyone understands whether it is possible to take antibiotics for coronavirus and what symptoms should cause this. It is strictly forbidden to drink drugs yourself without a doctor’s prescription, since incorrectly selected antibiotics will not only weaken the body, but can also provoke a fatal outcome.
Indications for taking antibiotics:
- for several days the body temperature exceeds 38 degrees;
- bacterial microflora develops in the respiratory tract, and green and yellow sputum is often seen as evidence of infection when coughing;
- with prolonged treatment with antiviral substances, General malaise persists;
- feces contain purulent mucus.
If the patient has all the symptoms, the doctor will not be able to prescribe antibiotics without bacterial culture. For research, a smear is taken from the trachea and nasopharynx, and the mucous part is extracted from the feces. It is sown on a nutrient medium in order to detect the type of infection. After receiving the results, an additional type of antibiotic is determined that can destroy the virus.
If a patient is prescribed a course of antibiotics, this does not mean that antiviral medications should not be taken. A complex medication is prescribed to achieve optimal effect in order to eliminate the bacterial environment from the gastrointestinal tract or respiratory tract. After the end of therapy, all tests are taken from the patient, if the coronavirus infection is not confirmed, the patient is discharged.
Types of antibiotics
All types of drugs have a strong effect and include a wide range of effects on pathogens.
The complex drug, which includes amoxicillin, actively fights viral infection. The second component, clavulanic acid, suppresses the synthesis of bacteria. The antibiotic is indicated for symptoms such as: bronchitis, pneumonia, lung abscess.
If the virus has entered the circulatory system, the medication will quickly help to cope with sepsis. Side effects can be observed in the form of:
- jaundice, hepatitis, impaired stool formation;
- allergic reactions;
- inflammation of kidneys;
The antibiotic belongs to the group of aminopenicillins and has a wide spectrum of action. Inhibiting the synthesis of cell walls, it has a bactericidal effect. Active against staphylococci, streptococci, corynebacteria diphtheria, enterococci, intestinal and Hemophilus coli, Neisseria gonorrhea and meningitis, Proteus, Salmonella and Shigella; and anaerobes – Clostridium, peptostreptococci and peptococci.
With coronavirus, this antibiotic is useless. Amoxil is used for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases.
The drug contains thiamphenicol. It is used as inhalations and injections. The antibiotic has expectorant, mucolytic and bactericidal properties. When the patient has a moderate condition, he is prescribed inhalation with the drug. The substance is absorbed into the circulatory system in small amounts, so the risk of side effects is minimal. However, they still exist and can be expressed in the form of an allergic rash, stomatitis, pancytopenia.
An antibiotic is one of the most powerful drugs. It is made in ampoules and tablets, can be used both intravenously and intramuscularly. It actively affects bacterial cells by suppressing protein synthesis, reproduction, and enzymes. Effectively fights otitis media, sinusitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis.
The drug is indicated for detecting infectious pathologies caused by the inflammatory process of the respiratory tract, so it can be used for the treatment of coronavirus. There are a lot of side effects, but they can be avoided if you follow the recommendations of the reception.
the antibiotic is able to cope with gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria that are detected in adults. In coronavirus, the medication is used to treat pathogenic microbes. The patient is prescribed the drug when there are pronounced symptoms of pneumonia and bronchitis.
The toxicity of an antibiotic is average, it spreads throughout the body and can cause side effects in the following systems:
- cardiovascular system
All types of drugs should be used for no more than 10 days, otherwise resistance to superinfection and bacterial microflora may develop.